Introduction to making Turkish delights (Greek;Loukoumia)
Question. What is Turkish delight?
Answer. Turkish delight is a sweet delicacy enjoyed by numerous countries all around the world. Turkish delight is a confection resembling a relatively stiff gel made of water, sugar and starch. The Turkish name 'lokum' is derived from the Arabic language. They are mostly flavored with rosewater or mastic 'crystals' (Greek: Μαστίχα) among others. Mastic (a sticky substance discharged by some trees) is a resin obtained from the mastic tree.
In Greece it is traditionally served to guests as a dessert accompanied by coffee. The Greek island of Syros is known for one of the most popular and best loukoumia.
Turkish delight demos
We have shown you 2 techniques on how to make Turkish delight, but only one of them had a perfect end product. Can you tell which one?
Why our recipe works
Although this recipe consists of a few ingredients, the proportions of each ingredient is of extreme importance to the success of the final product. Another major role to the success of the final product is the cooking temperature. There are a lot of recipes using cream of tartar, and/or lemon juice, and/or glucose or corn syrup, but we have simplified this to just one ingredient.
We have done this confection numerous times in order to come up with our final recipe. A lot of videos on the internet show you how to make Turkish delights, and they do look like successful recipes. However, the success of the recipe is not known immediately, but at least after a few hours or even better the next day. All is explained in our video (members only).
The mixture should never be under-cooked or overcooked. Under-cooking results in improper texture, while over-cooking may result in sugar crystallization.
There are various ingredients that will allow you to control or prevent sugar crystallization. Some of these ingredients are glucose, corn syrup, lemon juice or vinegar and cream of tartar. We used only one ingredient (not listed here), and it works exactly the same way. You can use one or more of the ingredients listed here to successfully prevent sugar crystallization.
The type of pot used is vital to the end product.
We have tried numerous techniques on this recipe.
Our testing included;
- cooking 1/3 the water with the sugar to a certain temperature, and then combining the hot mixture to the cornstarch mixture.
- cooking 1/2 the water with the sugar to a certain temperature, and then combining the hot mixture to the cornstarch mixture.
- We began cooking both the sugar mixture and the cornstarch mixture at the same time.
- We began cooking the cornstarch mixture only when the sugar mixture has reached a certain temperature close to the final temperature, etc.
Each method resulted in different results, all having to do with water evaporation.
The recipe has been perfected and is shown in our final video.
More info on mixing methods or techniques used in french pastry
About our recipe tables
Sample recipe table
All the recipes in our course are given by weight and percentages. The advantage of having a recipe in percentages is of extreme importance. You can alter the size of the recipe to any size you wish, and most importantly you can make recipe comparisons to notice the effects of ingredients between recipes.
What is your cost of making Greek delights (loukoumia)
If you would like to know what your cost is to making (Turkish delights) loukoumia please follow this link.
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